The basics of taxes and their relationship to financial planning are presented in this chapter. The material starts with a brief discussion of types of taxes. Next, the fundamental aspects of federal income taxes are presented including taxable income, deductions, exemptions, tax rates, and tax credits. The information on filing your federal income tax return covers filing status, types of tax forms, basic steps for completing Form 1040, tax assistance sources, and audit procedures. Finally, the chapter concludes with a discussion of tax planning strategies related to purchasing decisions, investment alternatives, and retirement plans.