Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
CPCC Library logo

Juneteenth 2022: History

Historical Background

Juneteenth is the celebration of the end of the most horrific act of labor in all of history: slavery.  During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln saw and heard of the devastation of how African Americans were being treated.  President Lincoln hated this idea and was all about equality to all people. In 1863, President Lincoln drafted the most peaceful, constitutional document that changed the course of history for all African Americans: The Emancipation Proclamation. This document was an announcement proclaiming that slavery was abolished and all those who were enslaved were now free. The news spread like wildfire. Chains were broken and freedom was music to their ears. 

However, the state of Texas would not acknowledge this proclamation until two years later causing over 250,000 enslaved peoples to continue to be subjected to the horrors of slavery. On June 19 1865, a group of Union soldiers lead by General Gordon Granger traveled to Galveston, TX to proclaim the news of the Emancipation Proclamation.

On June 19 1866, the celebration became a tradition and was called Juneteenth. Everyone celebrated with song, dance, prayer, and food. Ever since then, Juneteenth became a celebration worth recognizing and some other states began to follow with Texas.  In 1980, Texas, along with other states, made Juneteenth an official holiday to celebrate. Later on, in 2021, President Joe Biden made Juneteenth a national holiday and other countries are now recognize this holiday.

The original Juneteenth (June 19, 1865) - Newspapers.comHow the US Military Helped Create the Juneteenth Holiday | Military.comLegal Defense Fund on Twitter: "Happy #Juneteenth (June 19th, 1865), which  marked the "effective end of slavery" in the United States.  https://t.co/sif12eP7g9 https://t.co/gC0q2LPa0Z" / TwitterJuneteenth: What It Is And How It Is Observed : NPRGordon Granger was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during  the American Civil War. Granger is best remembered for his June 19, 1865  proclamation in Texas that all slaves

Emancipation Proclamation Trancript

Historical Resources Part 1

The Brightest Day: A Juneteenth Historical Romance Anthology: Alexander,  Kianna, Cole, Alyssa, Hart, Lena, Huguley, Piper: 9781519616470: Books

Crossing Ebenezer Creek: Bolden, Tonya: 9781681196992: Books - Amazon

Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates: 9780812993547 |  PenguinRandomHouse.com: Books

The Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation | Definition, Date, Summary, Significance, &  Facts | Britannica

Emancipation Proclamation Page 1

Emancipation Proclamation Page 2

Emancipation Proclamation Page 3

Emancipation Proclamation Page 4

Emancipation Proclamation Page 5

Historical Resources Part 2

I Thought My Soul Would Rise and Fly: The Diary of Patsy, a Freed Girl,  Mars Bluff, South Carolina, 1865 by Joyce Hansen

Lone Star Pasts : Memory and History in Texas, Used [Paperback] -  Walmart.com

The Deep | Book by Rivers Solomon, Daveed Diggs, William Hutson, Jonathan  Snipes | Official Publisher Page | Simon & Schuster

Amazon - The Emancipation Proclamation: A Brief History with Documents (The  Bedford Series in History and Culture): Vorenberg, Michael: 9780312435813:  Books