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Oral Citation Examples

To reference or cite a quoted section of text from a source in a speech, you need to clarify to your audience that you are quoting.

Example: In his 2010 book Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism, Colin Neville defines plagiarism as,  [quote] "plagiarism, in an academic context, refers to an intentional decision not to acknowledge the work of others in assignments – or ignoring usually well-publicized obligations to do this." [end quote] (p. 29).

In this example, the publication year, the title and author of the book are clearly identified for your audience.

When paraphrasing from a source, you are referring to information from that source in your own words.  Your oral citation for paraphrasing should look something like the example below.

Original text:

But in general, there are three main forms:

1.  Copying another person’s work, including the work of another student (with or without their consent), and claiming or pretending it to be your own

2.  Presenting arguments that use a blend of your own and a significant percentage of copied words of the original author without acknowledging the source

3.  Paraphrasing another person’s work, but not giving due acknowledgement to the original writer or organization publishing the writing, including Internet sites. The exceptions to this would be in relation to common knowledge (see Chapter 3).

Neville, Colin. Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism (2nd Edition). Maidenhead, GBR: McGraw-Hill Education, 2010. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 13 July 2015.
Copyright © 2010. McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.


Colin Nevil identifies three types of plagiarism in his 2010 book Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism: representing someone else's work as your own, paraphrasing someone else's words without giving that individual credit, and using information from a source where you mix some of your own words in with copied content without crediting that source.